The evolution and trends in IT governance research: A bibliometric analysis

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Full-time Temporary Lecturer, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Kelantan, Bukit Ilmu, Machang, Kelantan, Malaysia.

2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Information Management, Universitas Indonesia Maju, Jakarta, Indonesia.



Information technology (IT) governance has become a crucial area of study because of the growing corpus of research in the area. This study aims to conduct both a literature review and bibliometric analysis focusing on three specific research questions: (RQ1) examining the trends in publications and citations, (RQ2) recognizing the most impactful countries, journals, and authors, and (RQ3) investigating popular research areas and trending topics in IT governance. Data surrounding IT governance research were obtained through the Scopus database, with a total of 1,510 documents published from 1995 to February 2023. The extracted documents were analysed using Harzing’s Publish or Perish, VOSviewer, and Bibliometrics sub-tool Biblioshiny software. Publications have continued to rise since 2004 when the United States has had the greatest influence over IT governance publication and research collaboration, while Indonesia is the most prolific. Primary sources on IT governance research were taken from conference proceedings related to IT topics. As for authors, Pereira R from Portugal is at the top of the list while Van Grembergen W from Belgium is the most influential. This study is the first to identify and propose themes and current hotspots in IT governance research which serves as a guide for future researchers and professionals.


Main Subjects

Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). Bibliometrix: An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11(4), 959-975.
Choenni, S., Bargh, M. S., Busker, T., & Netten, N. (2022). Data governance in smart cities: Challenges and solution directions. Journal of Smart Cities and Society, 1(1), 31 – 51.
Harzing, A.W. (2007). Publish or Perish. resources/publish-or-perish. (Accessed 20 February 2023).
ISACA (2021). COBIT. (accessed 20 February 2023).
Kvalvik, P., Sánchez-Gordón, M., & Colomo-Palacios, R. (2022). Beyond technology in smart cities: a multivocal literature review on data governance. Aslib Journal of Information Management, ahead-of-print.
Malatji, M., Marnewick, A.L., & Von Solms, S. (2022). Cybersecurity capabilities for critical infrastructure resilience. Information and Computer Security, 30(2), 255-279.
Mohamed Ariffin, M. S., Muhammad, H., Hassan, M., & Abdul Samad, A. R. (2023). Bibliometric Analysis of Government Venture Capital. Journal of Information Technology Management15(Special Issue), 166-188.
Mulyana, R., Rusu, L., & Perjons, E. (2021). IT Governance Mechanisms Influence on Digital Transformation: A Systematic Literature Review. In Twenty-Seventh Americas' Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS), Digital Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Virtual Conference, August 9-13, 1-10, Association for Information Systems (AIS), available at:
Nyakurukwa, K., & Seetharam, Y. (2022). Corporate governance in a weak legal environment: a systematic review focusing on Zimbabwe. Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, ahead-of-print.
Pranckute, R. (2021). Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus: The titans of bibliographic information in today’s academic world. Publications, 9(1), 12.
Priyadarsini, A., & Kumar, A. (2022). A literature review on IT governance using systematicity and transparency framework. Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, 24(3), 309-328.
Selig, G., & Wilkinson, J. (2008). Implementing IT Governance: A Practical Guide to Global Best Practices in IT Management. (accessed 20 February 2023).
Singh, G., Tiwari, P., & Garg, V. (2023). HRM Digitalisation: Exploring Success and Outcomes. In Tyagi, P., Chilamkurti, N., Grima, S., Sood, K. and Balusamy, B. (Ed,s), The Adoption and Effect of Artificial Intelligence on Human Resources Management, Part B (Emerald Studies in Finance, Insurance, and Risk Management). Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, 199-219.
Song, Y., & Cao, J. (2022). An ARIMA-based study of bibliometric index prediction. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 74(1), 94-109.
Van Veldhoven, Z., & Vanthienen, J. (2023). Best practices for digital transformation based on a systematic literature review. Digital Transformation and Society, ahead-of-print.
Zakaria, R., Ahmi, A., Ahmad, A.H., Othman, Z., Azman, K.F., Ab Aziz, C.B., Ismail, C.A.N., & Shafin, N. (2021). Visualising and mapping a decade of literature on honey research: a bibliometric analysis from 2011 to 2020. Journal of Apicultural Research, 60(3), 359-368.
Zhu, J., & Liu, W.  (2020). A tale of two databases: The use of Web of Science and Scopus in academic papers. Scientometrics, 123(1), 321-35.