Abd Rauf, Rose Amnah Sathasivam, Renuka V. Abdul Rahim, Suzieleez Syrene & Rasul, Mohamad Sattar. (2018). STEM build program: An initiative towards promoting students thinking and communicative skills. In: Association of Southeast Asian Institution of Higher Learning (ASAIHL), 6-9.
Berking, P., Birtwhistle, M., Gallagher, S., & Haag, J. 2012, “Mobile learning: Not just another delivery method”. Proceedings of the 2012 Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference.
Bergdahl, N. J. Nouri, J. & Fors, U. (2020). Disengagement, Engagement, and Digital Skills in Technology-Enhanced Learning. Educational and Information Technology, 25, 957–983.
Chaldea, N. & Lupiyoadi, R. (2018). Driving Mobile Game Engagement: Factors and User Metrics, 3rd Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities (APRiSH 2018), Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Volume 348, 267-274
Darling-Hammond, L, Flook, L., Cook, C. Barron, B. & Osher, D. (2020). Implications for Educational Practice of the Science of Learning and Development. Applied Developmental Science, 24(2), 97-140.
DeJarnette, N.K. (2018). Implementing STEAM in the Early Childhood Classroom, European Journal of STEM Education, 3(3), 18.
Gangaiamaran, R. & Pasupathi,M. 2017, Review on Use of Mobile Apps for Language Learning, International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12( 21), 11242-11251.
Garcia-Martinez, I., Fernandez-Batanero, J. M., Sanchiz, D. C. & Rosa, A. L. (2019). Using Mobile Devices for Improving Learning, Sustainability, 11, 6917, MDPI.
Gladden, D'Juan. (2018). The Effects of Smartphones on Social Lives: How They Affect Our Social Interactions and Attitudes. OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers. 586. https://digitalcommons.odu.edu/ots_masters_projects/586.
His-Peng Lu & Hui-Chen Ho. (2020). Exploring the Impact of Gamification on Users' Engagement for Sustainable Development: A Case Study in Brand Applications, Sustainability, 12, 4169. 6, pp. 1-19.
Kang, NH. (2019). A review of the effect of integrated STEM or STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics) Education in South Korea. Asia Pacific Science Education. 5, 6, 1-22, Springer Open.
Mahmud, S.N.D., Nasri, N.M., Samsudin, M.A. (2018). Science teacher education in Malaysia: challenges and way forward. Asia-Pacific Science Education. 4, 8, 2-12.
Margot, K.C. & Kettler, T. (2019). Teachers’ perception of STEM integration and education: a systematic literature review, International Journal of STEM Education, 6(2). 1-16. Springer Open.
Ministry of Education Malaysia (2017). Malaysia Education blueprint 2013-2125: Annual Report 2016. Putrajaya: Ministry of Education Malaysia.
Mohamad Hisyam Ismail, Muhamad Furkan Mat Salleh & Nurul Akmal Md Nasir. (2019). The issues and Challenges in Empowering STEM on Science Teachers in Malaysian Secondary Schools. International Journal of Academic Research in Business & Social Sciences, 430-444.
Mohamad Siri Muslimin, Norazah Mohd Nordin, Ahmad Zamri Mansor & Melor Md Yunus. (2017). The Design and Development Of Mobieko: A Mobile Educational App For Microeconomics Module, Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction: Special Issues 2017: 221-255.
Novac, O. C., Novac, M, Gordan, C. , Berczes, T. & Bujdosó, G. (2017). Comparative study of Google Android, Apple iOS and Microsoft Windows Phone mobile operating systems, 14th International Conference on Engineering of Modern Electric Systems (EMES), Oradea, 154-159.
Nurul Farhana Jumaat, Zaidatun Tasir, Noor Hidayah Che Lah, Zakiah Mohammad Ashari. (2018). Students’ Preferences of M-Learning Applications in Higher Education: A Review, Advanced Science Letter. 24, 2858–2861, American Scientific Publishers.
Pechenkina, E, Laurence,D., Oates, G., Eldridge, D. and Hunter, D. (2017). Using a gamified mobile app to increase student engagement, retention and academic achievement, International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 14:31, 1-12. Springer Open.
Robinson, R. S. (2018). Sampling in Interview-Based Qualitative Research: A theoretical and Practice Guide. Journal Qualitative research in Psychology, 11(1), 25-41.
Ryan, R. M. & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-determination Theory. Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development and Wellness. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Siti Nur Diyana Mahmud, Nurfaradilla Mohamad Nasri, Mohd Ali Samsudin and Lilia Halim. (2018). Asia-Pacific Science Education 4:8.
Supeno, S., Sri Astutik, Bektiaro, S., Lesmono, D. & Nuraini, L. (2019). What Can Students show about Higher Order Thinking Skills in Physics Learning. IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, 243(1), 1-10. IOP Publishing.
Taylor, K. & Silver, L. (2019). Smartphone Ownership Is Growing Rapidly Around the World, but Not Always Equally. Global Attitudes & Trends.
Yu-Wei Chuang. (2020). Promoting Consumer Engagement in Online Communities through Virtual Experience and Social Identity, Sustainability, 12, 855, MDPI.