Designing Knowledge Map for Knowledge Management projects Using Network Analysis

Document Type: Research Paper


1 MSc. Student in Information Technology Systems, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof. of Industrial Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Prof. of Industrial Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


In this research knowledge management has been studied as an interdisciplinary area. We aim to find an answer for this question that "what are the scientific structure and knowledge map of knowledge management projects regarding these two aspect of subject areas and keywords. For this purpose, nearly 40000 scientific documents including knowledge management as one of their keywords were selected from Scopus database and were studied in various subject areas. In this research,bar charts have been drawn for each index of subject areas and keywords. Besides, using Co-occurrence matrix, adjacency graphs were drawn and then clustered using Average-Link algorithm. Bar charts and graphs were drawn using R and Excel software. The results of this research showed that among the researches on knowledge management in the world, the most relevant scientific fields to knowledge management are Computer Sciences with 32.5%, Business, Management and Accounting with 14.5%, Engineering with 13.7%, Decisive Sciences with 12.6%, Mathematics with 7.07%, and Social Sciences with 6.63%, respectively. The most keywords collocate with knowledge management in the world are Human-Computer Interaction, Information Management, Systems Management, Information Technology, Manufacturing, Acquisition of Knowledge, Semantics, Knowledge Transfer, Ontology and Information Retrieval.


Main Subjects

Alavi, M. & Leidner, D. (1999). Knowledge Management systems: issues, challenges and benefits. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 1 (7)

Alexander, P.A., Schallert, D.L. & Hare, V.C. (1991). Coming to terms: How researchers in learning and literacy talk about knowledge. Review of Educa tional Research, 61(3), 315-343.

Amin, A., Bargach, S., Donegan, J. & Others. (2001). Building a Knowledge Sharing Culture. Oilfield Review, 13(1), 48-65.

Beckman, T. (1997). Methodology for Knowledge Management. In Harmza, M.H. (Eds), the IASTED International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing, ASC 97, Banff, IASTED ACT Press, 29-32.

Bender, S. & Fish, A. (2000). The transfer of know ledge and the retention of expertise: the continuing need for global assignments. Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 125-137.

Bellinger, Gene. "Mental Model Musings". Systems Thinking Blog. Retrieved 18 April 2013.

Bhatt, G. D. (2001). Knowledge Management In Organizations: Examining The Interaction Between Technologies, Technique And People. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(1), 68-75.

Bohn, R. E. (1994). Measuring and managing technological knowledge. Sloan Management Review, 26(1), 61-73.

Bounfour, A. (2003). The Management of Intangibles, the Organization's Most Valuable Assets. Roudlege, London.

Chen C. M, Paul, R. G. (2001). Visualizing a knowledge domain's intellectual structure. Computer, 34(3), 65-71.

 Dalkir, K. (2005). Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice. Burlington: Elsevier Butter worth-Heinemann.

Davenport, T. H. & Prusak, L. (1998). Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What the Know. Boston, Massachusetts, Harvard Business School Press.

Davenport, T., DeLong, D. & Beers, M. (1998). Successful Knowledge Management projects. Sloan Management Review, 39(2), 43-57.

Garfield, E., & Small, H. (1989). Identifying the changing frontiers of science. Innovation at the Crossroads between Science and Technology. Available in:

Glossary of Thompson scientific terminology. (2008). The Thompson Corporation.

Grant, R.M. (1996). Toward knowledge based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17(52), 109-122.

Gupta, J., Sharma, S. (2004). Creating Knowledge Based Organizations. Boston: Idea Group Publishing. ISBN 1-59140-163-1.

Hajorland, B. (1997). Information Seeking and Subject Representation:An Activity-Theoretical Approach toInformation Science. Westport: Greenwood Press. San Francisco.

Hood, W.W. & Wilson, C. (2001). The literature of bibliometrics, scientometrics, and informetrics. Scientometrics, 52 (2), 291–314.

Kock, N. & McQueen, R. (1998). Knowledge and information communication in organizations: an analysis of core, support and improvement process. Knowledge and Process Management, 5(1), 29-40.

Leydesdorff, L. & Milojevic, S. (2015). "Scientometrics" arXiv:1208.4566 (2013), forthcoming in: Lynch, M. (editor), International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences subsection 85030.

Moya f, Vargas b, Herrero v, Chinchilla z,Corera e(2004). A new technique for building maps of large scientific domains based on the cocitation of classes and categories. Scientometrics , pp. 129-145.NewYork.

Nonaka, Ikujiro (1991). "The knowledge creating company". Harvard Business Review 69 (6): 96–104.

Nonaka, I. & Takuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York Oxford University Press.

Nonaka, I. & Takuchi H. (1995). The knowledge - creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York; Oxford Uni-versity Press.

Noyons E. C. M (1999). Bibliometric Mapping as a Science Policy and Research Management Tool, DSWO Press, Leiden University.

Nonaka, I,. von Krogh, G. (2009). Tacit Knowledge and Knowledge Conversion: Controversy and Advancement in Organizational Knowledge Creation Theory. Organization Science, 20 (3), 635–652.

O'Dell, C. & Grayson, C. (1998). If Only We Knew What We Know: Identification And Transfer Of Internal Best Practices. California Management Review, 40 (3), 154-174.

Price, D. D. (1965). Networks of scientific papers. Science, 149, 510-515.

Small, H. (1994). A SCI-MAP case study: Building a map of AIDS research. Scientometrics, 30(1), 229-241

Tague-Sutcliffe, J. M. (1992). An introduction to Informetrics. Information Processing & Management, 28, 1–3.

Van der Spek, R. & Spijkervet, A. (1997). Knowledge Management: dealing intelligently with knowledge. In Liebowitz, W. (Ed.), Knowledge Management and Its Integrative Elements, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Wiig, K. M. (1993). Knowledge Management Foundations: Thinking about Thinking – How People and Organizations Create, Represent and use Knowledge, Schema Press, Arlington, TX.