Investigating the Supply Chain Strategies and Information System Strategies Alignment and its Effects on Supply Chain Management Performance (Case Study: Manufacturing Firms in Khuzestan Province, Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Prof. Management Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 MA, Business Management Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Associate Prof. Management Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran


The purpose of the present study is to investigate the supply chain strategies and information system strategies alignment and the impact of these two strategies on supply chain management performance of manufacturing firms in Khuzestan province. The population of this applied research consisted of 1716 manufacturing firms and with using Cochran's formula for limited society, 231 firms were selected. Statistical unit of society were the purchasing / logistic managers of said firms and research questionnaire was distributed to them for each firm. The data collection instrument is Qrunfleh (2010) questionnaire, which its content validity was evaluated through experts and academics and its construct validity was confirmed through confirmatory factor analysis. Structural equation models and SPSS 22 have been used in order to analysis the data. The results showed that, all components of supply chain strategies (lean, agile and hybrid) have a positive and significant impact on supply chain management performance and the moderate role of Information system strategies (efficient, flexible and comprehensive) on supply chain management Performance also conformed.


Main Subjects

Ales, G. & Trkman, P. (2009). Current issues and challenges of supply chain management. International conference on Automation & information. 22-25 June, China, 243-248.
Allen, B. R. & Boynton, A. C. (1991). Information architecture: in search of efficient flexibility. MIS Quarterly, 15(4), 435-445.
Alomar, M. & Pasek, Z. J. (2014). Linking supply chain strategy and processes to performance improvement. Variety Management in Manufacturing, Proceedings of the 47th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Procedia CIRP, 17, 628 - 634.
Azar, A., Gholamzadeh, R. & Ganavati, M. (2012). Structural – route modeling in management. Tehran: Negah Danesh.
Bakos, J. Y. & Treacy, M. E. (1986). Information technology and corporate strategy: A research perspective. MIS Quarterly, 10(2), 107-119.
Barnes, D., Mieczkowska, S. & Hinton, M. (2003). Integrating operations and information strategy in e-Business. European Management Journal, 21(5), 626-634.
Bezuidenhout, C. N. (2016). Quantifying the degree of leanness and agility at any point within a supply chain. British Food Journal, 118(1), 60 - 69.
Bruce, M., Daly, L. & Towers, N. (2004). Lean or agile A solution for supply chain management in the textiles and clothing industry? International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 24(2), 151-170.
Byrd, T. A. & Davidson, N. W. (2003). Examining Possible Antecedents of IT Impact on the Supply Chain & its Effect on Firm Performance. Information and Management, 41 (2), 243-255.
Chan, Y., Huff, S., Barclay, D. & Copeland, D. (1997). Business strategic orientation, information systems strategic orientation, and strategic alignment. Information SystemsResearch, 8 (2), 125-150.
Christopher, M. (2000). The agile supply chain competing in volatile markets. Industrial Marketing Management, 29 (1), 37-44.
Christopher, M. C., Peck, H. & Towill, D. R. (2006). A taxonomy for selecting global supply chain strategies. International Journal of Logistics Management, 17(2), 277-87.
Colin, M., Galindo, R. & Hernández, O. (2015). Information and communication technology as a key strategy for efficient supply chain management in manufacturing SMEs. Procedia Computer Science, 55, 833 - 842.
De Barros, A.P., Ishikiriyama, C.S., Peres, R.C. & Gomes, C.F.S. (2015). Processes and benefits of the application of information technology in supply chain management: an analysis of the literature. Procedia Computer Science, 55, 698 - 705.
Earl, M. J. (1989). Management strategies for information technology. New York: Prentice Hall. Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals.
Goldsby, T.J. & Garcia-Dastugue, S.J. (2003). The manufacturing flow management process. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 14(2), 33-52.
Goldsby, T., Griffis, S. & Roath, A. (2006). Modeling lean, agile and leagile supply chain strategies. Journal of Business Logistics, 27(1), 57- 80.
Green Jr, K.W., Whitten, D. & Anthony Inman, R. (2008). The impact of logistics performance on organizational performance in a supply chain context. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 13(4), 317-327.
Gunasekaran, A. & Ngai, E. W. T. (2004). Information systems in supply chain integration & management. European Journal of Operational Research, 159 (2), 269-295.
Hartono, Y., Astanti, R.D. & Aia, J. T. (2015). Enabler to successful implementation of lean supply chain in a book publisher. Procedia Manufacturing, 4, 192 -199.
Holmberg, S. (2000). A systems perspective on supply chain measurements. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 30(10), 847-868.
Hosieni, S. M. & Sheikhi, N. (2013). Clarifying the role of strategic supply chain management operations to improve company performance: the food industry in Iran. Strategic Management Studies, 10, 35-66. (in Persian)
Houlihan, J. B. (1985). International supply chain management. International Journal of Physical Distribution & Materials Management, 15(1), 22 - 38.
Hsin, C. & Papazafeiropoulou, A. (2008). Adoption of supply chain management technologies by small and medium enterprises in the manufacturing sector. 16th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS2008, Galway, Ireland.
Huang, S.H., Uppal, M. & Shi, J. (2002). A product driven approach to manufacturing supply chain selection. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 7(4), 189 -199.
Huo, B. (2012). The impact of supply chain integration on company performance: an organizational capability perspective. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 17(6), 596 - 610.
Manian, A., Mosakhani, M. & Jamporazmey, M. (2010). Survey Relationship between IT-business alignment and business performance: Using Structural Equation Model. Journal of Information Technology Management, 2(3), 89- 106. (in Persian)
Miles, R. E. & Snow, C. C. (1978). Organizational strategy, structure, and process. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Mohammadei, G., Behbahani, F. & Esfandyarpour, S. (2015). Impact of information systems on supply chain performance and firm performance in National Iranian South Oilfields Company. International conference on modern research in management and engineering industries, Tehran, Iran.
(in Persian)
Nadalijelokhani, A. H. (2013). Investigating the impact of supply chain information systems strategies on organizational performance through supply chain performance in Municipality of Esfahan (Iran), master desertation of information systems, administration management department, Eslamic Azad University of Esfahan Khorasgan Branch. (in Persian)
Nickles, T., Mueller, J. & Takacs, T. (1998). Strategy, information technology & the supply chain: Managing information technology for success, not just survival. In Gattorna, J. (Eds), Strategic supply chain alignment: Best practice in supply chain management (pp.494-508). Aldershot, England: Gower.
Naylor, J.B., Naim, M. M. & Berry, D. (1999). Leagility: interfacing the lean and agile manufacturing paradigm in the total supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics, 62(1-2), 107-118.
Qrunfleh, S. & Tarafdar, M. (2013). Lean and agile supply chain strategies and supply chain responsiveness: the role of strategic supplier partnership and postponement. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 18(6), 571–582.
Qrunfleh, S. & Tarafdar, M. (2014). Supply Chain Information Systems Strategy: Impacts on Supply Chain Performance and Firm Performance. International Production Economics, 147, 340–350.
Qrunfleh, S. M. (2010). Alignment of information systems with supply chains: impacts on supply chain performance and organizational performance. Submitted to the graduate faculty as partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Manufacturing Management.
Puckridge, D. S. & Woolsey, I. (2003). Information systems strategy for supply chains. In Gattorna, J. (Eds). Gower Handbook of Supply Chain Management (pp.406-425). Aldershot, England: Gower.
Ramezanian, M. R., Mombini, I. & Moradi. M. (2015). Review of retail channel integrity based on IT on the performance of retail stores with role of mediator the double Power of organization (case study: store of Rasht city). Information Technology Management, 7(4), 741-768. (in Persian)
Richmond, B., Burns, A., Mabe, J., Nuthall, L., & Toole, R. (1998). Supply chain management tools minimizing the risks: maximizing the benefits. In Gattorna, J. (Eds), Strategic supply chain alignment: Best practice in supply chain management (509-520). Aldershot, England: Gower.
Ronaghi, M. H. & Mahmoudi, J. (2015). Relationship between the IT governance and corporate governance in Government company of information technology area. Information Technology Management, 7 (3), 615-634.
(in Persian)
Sabherwal, R. & Chan, Y. E. (2001). Alignment between business & IS strategies: a study of prospectors, analyzers & defenders. Information Systems Research, 12 (1), 11-33.
Sabherwal, R. & Kirs, P. (1994). The alignment between organizational critical success factors and information technology capability in academic institutions. Decision Sciences, 25 (2), 301-330.
Salehi, R. (2012). Investigating information systems on supply chain performance and organizational performance in aircraft manufacturing industries of Iran. Master desertation, administration and economic science department, Esfahan universities. (in Persian)
Shafie, M. & Tarmast, P. (2015). The impact of Supply Chain Management Processes on the Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance (studied SAPCO). Quantity Studies in Management, 2(5), 105-125.
(in Persian)
Shah, R., Goldstein, S.M. & Ward, P.T. (2002). Aligning supply chain management characteristics & inter-organizational information system types: An exploratory study. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 49(3), 282-292.
Sukati, I., Hamid, A., B. Baharun, R., Yusoff, R. M. (2012). The Study of Supply Chain Management Strategy and Practices on Supply Chain Performance. The 2012 International Conference on Asia Pacific Business Innovation & Technology Management, Procedia - Social & Behavioral Sciences, 40, 225 - 233.
Timuri. A. & Aburomand, J. (2010). Coordination between the strategy and the strategy of using strategic reference points. Journal of Human Resources Management University of Imam Hussein (AS), 2(1), 127-146. (in Persian)
Tripathy, S., Aich, S., Chakraborty, A. & Lee, G., M. (2016). Information technology is an enabling factor affecting supply chain performance in Indian SMEs: a structural equation modelling approach. Journal of Modelling in Management, 11(1), 269 - 287.
Venkatraman, N. (1989b). The concept of fit in strategy research: toward verbal and statistical correspondence. The Academy of Management Review, 14 (3), 423- 444.
Vonderembse, M.A., Uppal, M., Huang, S.H. & Dismukesd, J. P. (2006). Designing supply chains: towards theory development. International Journal of Production Economics, 100(2), 223-238.
Wang, G., Huang, S. H. & Dismukes, J. P. (2004). Product-driven supply chain selection using integrated multi-criteria decision-making methodology. International Journal of Production Economics, 91(1), 1-15.
Wisner, J.D. (2003). A structural equation model of supply chain management strategies and firm performance. Journal of Business Logistics, 24(1), 1-26.
Woei, L. S. (2008). Supply chain performance and financial success of selected companies on Bursa Malaysia.