Prioritizing the Applications of Internet of Things Technology in the Healthcare Sector in Iran: A Driver for Sustainable Development

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student in Production and Operations Management, Faculty of Management University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Prof., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Prof., Industrial Engineering Department, Sharif University of Technology


Pay attention to health care sector is one of the areas of sustainable development in the countries. Internet of Things technology in the health sector has wide variety of applications that was not investigated in Iran. This paper aims to prioritize the applications of internet of things in the healthcare sector in Iran in order to achieve sustainable development. This research is applied and its research method is descriptive. Because of using Fuzzy AHP for ranking alternatives, our research is a single cross-survey. After collecting the agreement paired comparisons questionnaires, weights of criteria were determined and applications of Internet of things in healthcare were prioritized. Our findings show that economic prosperity and quality of life are the most important criteria for sustainable development of Internet of things in healthcare sector in Iran. Also, “Chronic disease management”,“patient surveillance”, “hygienic hand control”, and “fall detection” are the most important priorities for the use of internet of things in healthcare sector in Iran.


Main Subjects

Akyildiz, I. F., Su, W., Sankarasubramaniam, Y. & Cayirci, E. (2002). A survey on sensor networks. Communications magazine, IEEE, 40(8): 102-114.

Al-Turjman, F.M., Al-Fagih, A.E., Alsalih, W.M. & Hassanein, H S. (2013). A delay-tolerant framework for integrated RSNs in IoT. Computer Communications, 36(9): 998 - 1010.

Ancker, J. S., Kern, L. M., Abramson, E., & Kaushal, R. (2012). The Triangle Model for evaluating the effect of health information technology on healthcare quality and safety. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association,19(1): 61-65.

Ashton, K. (2009). That ‘internet of things’ thing. RFiD Journal, 22(7): 97-114.

Atzori, L., Iera, A. & Morabito, G. (2010). The internet of things: A survey.Computer networks, 54(15): 2787-2805.

Atzori, L., Iera, A. & Morabito, G. (2014). From" smart objects" to" social objects": The next evolutionary step of the internet of things. Communications Magazine, IEEE, 52(1): 97-105.

Bandyopadhyay, D. & Sen, J. (2011). Internet of things: Applications and challenges in technology and standardization. Wireless Personal Communications, 58(1): 49-69.

Bansal, P. (2005). Evolving sustainably: a longitudinal study of corporate sustainable development. Strategic management journal, 26(3): 197- 218.

Baud, I. S. A., Grafakos, S., Hordijk, M. & Post, J. (2001). Quality of life and alliances in solid waste management: contributions to urban sustainable development. Cities, 18(1): 3-12.

Beuscart-Zephir, M. C., Brender, J., Beuscart, R., & Menager-Depriester, I. (1997). Cognitive evaluation: how to assess the usability of information technology in healthcare. Computer methods and programs in biomedicine,54(1): 19-28.

Büyüközkan, G., Çifçi, G. & Güleryüz, S. (2011). Strategic analysis of healthcare service quality using fuzzy AHP methodology. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(8): 9407-9424.

Carter, C. R. & Easton, P. L. (2011) Sustainable supply chain management: evolution and future directions, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 41(1): 46 - 62.

Chang, D. Y. (1996). Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy AHP. European journal of operational research, 95(3): 649-655.

China Internet of Things. [online] (Accessed 25 June 2015).

Chui, M., Löffler, M. & Roberts, R. (2010). The internet of things. McKinsey Quarterly, 2: 1-9.

Crane, A., Palazzo, G., Spence, L. J. & Matten, D. (2014). Contesting the value of “creating shared value”. California management review, 56(2): 130-153.

Da Xu, L., He, W. & Li, S. (2014). Internet of things in industries: A survey, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(4): 2233 - 2243.

Deakin, E. (2001). Sustainable development and sustainable transportation: strategies for economic prosperity, environmental quality, and equity. IURD Working Paper Series. Available in: /uc/ item/ 0m1047 xc#page-1.

Deity (Department of Electronics & Information Technology). [online] (Accessed 8 March 2015).

Fox, G. C., Kamburugamuve, S. & Hartman, R. D. (2012). Architecture and measured characteristics of a cloud based internet of things. In Collaboration Technologies and Systems (CTS), 2012 International Conference on. pp. 6-12). IEEE.

Gluhak, A., Krco, S., Nati, M., Pfisterer, D., Mitton., N. & Razafindralambo, T. (2014). A Survey on Facilities for Experimental Internet of Things Research. IEEE Communications Magazine, 49(11): 58 - 67.

Goh, J. M., Gao, G. & Agarwal, R. (2011). Evolving work routines: Adaptive routinization of information technology in healthcare. Information Systems Research, 22(3): 565-585.

Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S. & Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future Generation Computer Systems, 29(7): 1645-1660.

Haller, S., Karnouskos, S. & Schroth, C. (2009). The internet of things in an enterprise context (pp. 14-28). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Helal, A., Cook, D. J. & Schmalz, M. (2009). Smart home-based health platform for behavioral monitoring and alteration of diabetes patients. Journal of diabetes science and technology, 3(1): 141-148.

IERC (European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things). [online] (Accessed 20 June 2015).

ITRC (2015:a). Investigating Market and Business of Internet of Things In Iran, Tehran: Iran Telecommunication Research Center, Institute of Policy and Strategic Management in ICT. (in Persian)

ITRC (2015:b). Analysis of security challenges in Internet of Things In Iran, Tehran: Iran Telecommunication Research Center. Institute of ICT Security Research in ICT. (in Persian)

ITRC (2015:c). Identification and Analysis of Relevant Technologies and Orientations In Internet Of Things, Tehran: Iran Telecommunication Research Center, Institute of Information Technology. (in Persian)

Khodadad Hosseini, S. H. & Fathi, S. (2011). The Relationship between Country e-Readiness and Effectiveness of Applying Information Technology in Firms using Meta-Analysis Approach, Journal of Information Technology Management, 3(8): 81-96. (in Persian)

LeHong, H., Fenn, J. & Toit, R. (2014). Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies 2014, Gartner.

Li, X., Lu, R., Liang, X., Shen, X., Chen, J. & Lin, X. (2011). Smart community: an internet of things application. Communications Magazine, IEEE,49(11): 68-75.

Li, Y., Hou, M., Liu, H., & Liu, Y. (2012). Towards a theoretical framework of strategic decision, supporting capability and information sharing under the context of Internet of Things. Information Technology and Management, 13(4): 205-216.

Lin, X., Lu, R., Shen, X., Nemoto, Y. & Kato, N. (2009). SAGE: a strong privacy-preserving scheme against global eavesdropping for ehealth systems.Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on, 27(4): 365-378.

Miorandi, D., Sicari, S., DePellegrini, F.and Chlamtac, I. (2012). Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges’, Ad Hoc Networks, 10(7): 1497-1516.

Mohaghar, A., Lucas, C., Hosseini. F. & Alimaneshi, A. (2008). Use of Business Intelligence as a Strategic Information Technology in Banking: Farud Discovery & Detection. Journal of Information Technology Management, 1(1): 105-120. (in Persian)

Perera, C., Zaslavsky, A., Christen, P. & Georgakopoulos, D. (2014:a). Context aware computing for the internet of things: A survey, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 16(1): 414 - 454.

Perera, C., Zaslavsky, A., Christen, P. & Georgakopoulos, D. (2014:b). Sensing as a service model for smart cities supported by internet of things. Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, 25(1): 81-93.

Poon, E. G., Jha, A. K., Christino, M., Honour, M. M., Fernandopulle, R., Middleton, B., ... & Kaushal, R. (2006). Assessing the level of healthcare information technology adoption in the United States: a snapshot. BMC medical informatics and decision making, 6(1): 1.

Porter, M. E. & Kramer, M. R. (2011) Creating shared value, Harvard business review,  89 (1/2): 62 - 77.

Portney, K. E. (2003). Taking sustainable cities seriously: Economic development, the environment, and quality of life in American cities (Vol. 67). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Premkumar, G. & Roberts, M. (1999). Adoption of new information technologies in rural small businesses. Omega, 27(4): 467-484.

Roman, R., Najera, P. & Lopez, J. (2011). Securing the internet of things. Computer, 44(9): 51-58.

Saaty, T. L. (1988). What is the analytic hierarchy process? (pp. 109-121). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Smith, I.G. (2012). The Internet of Things 2012 New Horizons. [online] European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things, Halifax, UK. (Accessed 16 April 2015).

Sundmaeker, H., Guillemin, P., Friess, P. & Woelfflé, S. (2010). Vision and challenges for realising the Internet of Things, CERP- IoT – Cluster of European Research Projects on the Internet of Things.

Tan, L., & Wang, N. (2010, August). Future internet: The internet of things. InAdvanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), 2010 3rd International Conference on. 5: V5-376. IEEE.

The SmartAmerica Challenge. [online] promoting-development-of-the-internet-of-things/ (Accessed 22 June 2015).

Tsai, C.W., Lai, C.F., Chiang, M.C. & Yang, L.T. (2014). Data mining for internet of things: A survey, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 16 (1): 77 - 97.

Uckelmann, D., Harrison, M. & Michahelles, F. (2011). Architecting the internet of things. Springer Science & Business Media.

United Nations (UN); UN Documents: Gathering a body of global agreements. (1987) Report of world commission on Environment and Development: One Common Future. [online] United Nations (UN), General Assembly document A/42/427. (accessed 19 June 2015).

Vermesan, O. & Friess, P. (Eds.). (2014). Internet of Things-From Research and Innovation to Market Deployment. River Publishers.

Vermesan, O., Friess, P., Guillemin, P., Gusmeroli, S., Sundmaeker, H., Bassi, A., Jubert, I.S., Mazura, M., Harrison, M., Eisenhauer, M. and Doody, P. (2011) Internet of Things Strategic Research Roadmap, in Vermesan, O. and Friess, P. (Eds.), Internet of Things - Global Technological and Societal Trends, River Publishers, Denmark, pp.9–52.

Vermesan, O., Friess, P., Guillemin, P., Sundmaeker, H., Eisenhauer, M., Moessner, K., Gall, F.L. and Cousin, P. (2013). Internet of Things Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda, in Vermesan, O. and Friess, P. (Eds.),Internet of things: converging technologies for smart environments and integrated ecosystems, River Publishers, Denmark, 7 – 152.

Xiaocong, Q. & Jidong, Z. (2010, November). Study on the structure of “Internet of Things (IOT)” business operation support platform. In Communication Technology (ICCT), 2010 12th IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1068-1071). IEEE.

Zhang, K. M and Wen, Z. G. (2008) Review and challenges of policies of environmental protection and sustainable development in China, Journal of environmental management, 88(4): 1249 - 1261.

Zheng, J., Simplot-Ryl, D., Bisdikian, C. & Mouftah, H. T. (2011). The internet of things. Communications Magazine, IEEE, 49(11): 30-31.